Tae Kwon Do Terms 2013-01-10T02:41:33+00:00

Basic Korean Terms

Tae – Foot
Kwon – Fist (or, “to smash with the fist”)
Do – Way
Poomse – Pattern
Dojang – Training Hall
Momtong Bashin – Press Ups
Bo Chumok – Wrapped Fists
Dobok – Uniform
Hoogo – Body Armour
Oreun – Right
Wen – Left
Kibom – Technique
Chung – Blue
Hong – Red
Sabomnim – Teacher
Jan Nim – Master
Qwan Jan Nim – Grand Master
Chung Yong – Blue Dragon

Taekwondo Kicks

Chagi – Kick
Ap Chagi – Front Kick
Yop Chagi – Side Kick
Dolliyo Chagi – Turning Kick
Dwi Chagi – Back Kick
Horyo Chagi – Reverse Turning Kick
Ap Horyo Chagi – Hook Kick
Naeryo Chagi – Axe Kick
An Chagi – Inner Crescent Kick
Bakat Chagi – Outer Crescent Kick
Mirro Chagi – Push Kick
Ap Dolliyo Chagi – Front Turning Kick
Bituereo Chagi – Twisting Kick
Cha Jun Bal Chagi – Skipping Kick
Twimeo Chagi – Jumping Kick
Chagi Undong – Kicking Excercise
Ap Cha Olligi – Front Leg Raising

Punches & Strikes

Jireugi – Punch
Ap Jireugi – Front Punch
Yop Jireugi – Side Punch
Duebom Jireugi – Double Punch
Baro Jireugi – Reverse Punch
Bandi Jireugi – Obverse Punch
Jecheo Jireugi – Upper Cut Punch
Teok Jireugi – Upset Punch
Doong Chumok – Back Fist
Me Chumok – Hammer Fist
Bo Chumok – Covering Fist
Chigi – Strike
Palkup Chigi – Elbow Strike
Pyong Sohn Keut Chigi – Spear Hand Strike
Ba Tang Sohn Chigi – Palm Heel Strike
An Jin Sohn Chigi – Arc Hand Strike
Sohn Nal Chigi – Knife Hand Strike
Sohn Nal Mok Chigi – Knife Hand Neck Strike
Sohn Nal Doong – Ridge Hand Strike
Palmok Chigi – Forearm Strike
Pyojeot Chigi – Target Strike
Mur Chigi – Knee Strike
Naeryo Chigi – Downward Strike

Counting in Korean

Hana – one
Dool – two
Set – three
Net – four
Dasot – five
Yasot – six
Ilkop – seven
Yodol – eight
Ahop – nine
Yol – ten

Taekwondo Commands

Chariot – Attention
Kyong Ne – Bow
Choonbi – Ready
Shijak – Start (for instance, to commence fighting at a tournament)
Kooman – Stop
Kallyo – Separate (no grappling in Taekwondo tournaments!)
Kyesok – Continue

WTF Taekwondo Stances

Sogi – Stance
Ap Sogi – Walking Stance
Ap Kobi – Long Stance
Joochum Sogi – Horse Back (Sitting) Stance
Dwi Kobi – Back Stance
Moa Sogi – Close Stance
Wen Sogi – Left Stance
Oreun Sogi – Right Stance
Koa Sogi – Cross Stance
Bom Sogi – Tiger Stance
Chariot Sogi – Attention Stance
Choonbi Sogi – Ready Stance

WTF Taekwondo Blocks

Maki – Block
Aree Maki – Lower (or, Leg) Block
Momtong Maki – Middle (Body) Block
Olgool Maki – High (Face) Block
Palmok Maki – Forearm Block
An Palmok Maki – Inner Forearm Block
Bakat Palmok Maki – Outer Forearm Block
Sohn Nal Maki – Knife Hand Block
An Sohn Nal Maki – Inner Knife Hand Block
Bakat Sohn Nal Maki – Outer Knife Hand Block
Ba Tang Sohn Maki – Palm Heel Block
Hechyo Maki – Wedge Block
Eotgesreo Maki – Cross Wrist Block
Owest Stanteel Maki – Part Mountain Block
Stanteel Maki – Mountain Block
Kawi Maki – Double Block

Combat

Qurogee – Sparring
Jayo Qurogee – Free Sparring
Macho Qurogee – Competition Sparring
Hanbon Qurogee – One Step Sparring
Eebon Qurogee – Two Step Sparring
Sebon Qurogee – Three Step Sparring
Ho Sin Sul – Self Defense
Taegeuk – Parent name for first 8 patterns
Poomse – Pattern (form)

Anatomy

Olgool – Face
Mok – Neck
Momtong – Body
Palmok – Forearm
Palkup – Elbow
Sohn – Hand
Chumok – Fist
Mur – Knee
Aree – Legs